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Publishing Statistics on Children's/YA Books about People of Color and First/Native Nations and
by People of Color and First/Native Nations
Authors and Illustrators

Documented by the Cooperative Children's Book Center
School of Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison

(Questions about this information? Contact CCBC Director Kathleen T. Horning)

Last updated: November 21, 2019

How to Cite This Data: We welcome researchers and others using or referencing the CCBC diversity statistics in reports, papers, presentations,  blog posts, etc., as long as credit is given to the Cooperative Children’s Book Center for its work compiling the data. The CCBC should be cited as follows:  “Data on books by and about people of color and from First/Native Nations published for children and teens compiled by the Cooperative Children’s Book Center, School of Education, University of Wisconsin-Madison.” A url linking to this page should be provided, including on visual materials based on CCBC statistics.

For essential information explaning what and how we count, read our FAQs.

Children's Books By and/or About People of Color and
First/Native Nations Received by the CCBC*
2002 -

See next chart for count of books from U.S publishers only

Last Updated: August 20, 2019


Year

Number of Books
Received
at CCBC


African /
African Americans


American Indians / First Nations

Asian Pacifics/
Asian Pacific Americans



Latinx



ByAbout ByAbout ByAbout ByAbout
2018 3,653 202 405 38 55 351 314 197 249
2017 3,700 132 355 38 72 279 312 118 218
2016 3,400 94 287 23 55 217 240 104 169
2015 3,400 108 270 19 42 176 113 60 85
2014 3,500 85 181 20 38 129 112 59 66
2013 3,200 69 94 18 34 90 69 49 58
2012 3,600 69 119 6 22 83 76 58 54
2011 3,400 79 123 12 28 76 91 52 58
2010 3,400 102 156 9 22 60 64 55 66
2009 3,000 83 157 12 33 67 80 60 61
2008 3,000 83 172 9 40 77 98 48 79
2007 3,000 77 150 6 44 56 68 42 59
2006 3,000 87 153 14 41 72 74 42 63
2005 2,800 75 149 4 34 60 64 50 76
2004 2,800 99143 7 33 61 65 37 61
2003 3,200 79171 11 95 43 78 4163
2002 3,150 69166 6 64 46 91 4894

Children's Books By and/or About People of Color and
First/Native Nations Received by the CCBC*--US Publishers Only
2015 -

Last Updated: August 20, 2019


Year

Number of Books
Received
at CCBC from US Pubs


African /
African Americans


American Indians / First Nations

Asian Pacifics/
Asian Pacific Americans



Latinx



ByAbout ByAbout ByAbout ByAbout
2018 3,312 192 388 22 34 308 284 186 240
2017 3,500 126 334 18 44 260 286 109 205
2016 3,200 92 267 8 35 195 225 95 157
2015 3,200 106 244 9 28 156 107 56 79

Children's Books By and About People of Color and
First/Native Nations Received by the CCBC*
1994-2001

Year

Estimated Total Number of
Books Published

African /
African-Americans

Asian Pacific /
Asian Pacific Americans

American Indian

Latinx



By About By and About By and About By and About
2001 5,000-5,500 99 201 96 60 77
2000 5,000-5,500 96 147 57 40 54
1999 5,000 82 151 61 41 64
1998 5,000 96 188 52 55 73
1997 4,500-5000 88 216 66 64 88
1996 4,500 92 172 49 50 103
1995 4,500 100 167 91 83 70
1994 4,500 82 166 65 70 90

Children's Books By Black Authors and Illustrators
Published in the United States
1985-1993

Year

Estimated Number of
Books Published

Total Number of Books
by Black Authors and Illustrator

1993 4,50074
1992 4,50094
1991 4,00070
1990 5,00051
1989 4,00048
1988 3,00039
1987 3,00030
1986 3,00018
1985 2,50018

*As noted in the narrative above, we receive the majority of new books published annually by U.S. trade book publishers. Some of what we receive also comes from educational and small presses. We also receive some books from Canadian publishers distributing in the United States, or from or other countrries outside the U.S. that are distributed by U.S publishers (e.g., Penguin Australia). Beginning with 2015, we are providing a separate chart that looks at U.S.-only publishing (eliminating books from publishers in Canada or other countries. U.S. editions of books published in other countries are included in both counts.)


Note: in addition to compiling annual statistics, we also include an essay sharing our observations about the publishing year in the introduction to each edition of CCBC Choices, our annual best of the year list, and this always includes comments on multicultural publishing. (Recent essays.) The statistics below may not always correspond to those in the Choices commentary for that publishing year. Discrepancies occur when we receive books after the deadline for including the numbers in the print publication. The table below represents the most accurate accounting. We update these statistis as additional titles trickle in.

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